O. Komarnitskyi Provision of Training Facilities and Dormitories for Students of Kyiv Pedagogical Educational Institutions in the 1930’s

DOI: 10.20535/2307-5244.52.2021.236165

Kamianets-Podilskyi National Ivan Ohiienko University

The paper investigates the provision of student training facilities and dormitories
for Kyiv’s pedagogical educational institutions in the 1930’s. In our
article, we used contemporary periodicals, archival records, and the available
historiography. The relevance of the research is grounded in the fact that in the
pre-war decade the students’ financial situation was rather difficult. The limited
state funding went for the students’ scholarships, food, and accommodation. The
increasing need for housing and educational venues that must have met hygienic
standards were the most complicated to solve. In our research, we focused on the
Kyiv Ukrainian and Polish pedagogical institutes; Ukrainian, Russian, Polish,
and Jewish pedagogical technical schools. The issues raised in the article have
not been studied comprehensively yet. Some facts can be found in the scientific
papers of O. Riabchenko, K. Dvirna, and I. Mishchenko.
In the article, we investigated how students of Kyiv pedagogical institutes and
technical schools were provided with training space and dormitories and what
their living conditions were in the 1930’s. In the paper, we applied a complex of
general scientific (analysis, synthesis, comparison, dialectical) methods and special
scientific (historical-genetic, historical-comparative, historical-typological,
problem-chronological) methods.
From the available literature and data, the author has come to the conclusion
that there was a considerable lack of training space during the decade. Some educational
institutions forcibly shared their premises with other organizations and
worked in premises unsuitable for learning. It has been proved that there were
difficulties with settling the youth in the dormitories. Both pedagogical institutes
and pedagogical technical schools had no possibility to accommodate students
who had no place to stay. The situation improved only in the mid-1930’s with
the state funding the capital construction of dormitories. It has been illustrated
that even later the living conditions of students were not good. For example, the
sanitary-hygienic standards were not followed, the electricity, water, and heating
supply was problematic. Also, disinfection chambers, laundries, and barbershops
worked only in some of the institutions.

Keywords: students, Kyiv, institute, technical school, accommodation, dormitory.


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