M. Kazmyrchuk Studies on Manorial Estates Culture of Ukraine during the Soviet Period

DOI: 10.20535/2307-5244.52.2021.236166

Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

The article aims to analyze the Soviet period in studies of manorial estates on
Ukrainian lands as a cultural and historical phenomenon; to create its detailed
periodization; and to determinate features of each its stage. The research methodology
is based on general scientific and special historical methods. In particular,
we applied the basic principles of historicism, objectivity, comprehensiveness
and general historical, problem-chronological, comparative, retrospective and
special methods of historiographical research, e.g. historiographical analysis
and synthesis. The research novelty of the article comes from the historiographical
analysis of Soviet studies of the estate culture of Ukraine which was carried
out from the modern positions. The author analyses publications on this problem
which have not been the subject of historiographical research yet. In the Soviet
period, the accumulation of large factual data contributed to the deeper development
of issues related to one or other sides of the estate life. Despite the ideological
pressure, the study of the culture of manorial estates of Ukraine continued.
The Soviet historiography on the estate culture of Ukraine might be divided
into the following stages: 1. The period of 1920’s is determined by the establishing
of the Soviet government and the processes of Ukrainization when the study
of manorial estates culture of Ukraine was condescending. The phenomenon was
considered «unhealthy» in the literature but researches continued. The native
musical arts as theater, opera and ballet were studied by art historians this time.
Publications on the manorial estates culture of Ukraine contained the rich archival
material and related mainly to the history of the economy. 2. The 1930–1940’s
is stipulated by Stalinist repressions and ideological pressure as well as by the
WW2 devastation. The fear of losing a freedom and life because of unreliability
and disloyalty to the Soviet ideology forced researchers to stop the study on the
manorial estates culture of Ukraine. Great number of books and articles written
during that time were published later and posthumously. 3. During 1950’s and
1960’s a lot of publications on the manorial estates culture of Ukraine appeared
and their ideologization took place. In contrast to historians of architecture and
art critics who considered the estate as part of the cultural landscape, historians
interpreted the estate as a phenomenon of culture. 4. As for the 1970’s — early
1990’s, we can say about moderate usage of ideological cliché in studies of the
estate culture of Ukraine. During that period, Roman Aftanazy’s multi-volume
book, which belonged to reference works, was detailed and based on Polish archival
sources, was published in Poland.

Keywords: manorial estate, manor, the culture of manorial estates of Ukraine,
studies, historiography, the Soviet period.


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