T. Hranchak Construction of Historical Memory by Libraries in Non-Government-Controlled Territory of Donbas as a Technology for Regional Identity Transformation

DOI: 10.20535/2307-5244.51.2020.220188

National Library of Ukraine named after V. I. Vernadsky

The purpose of this paper is to identify the key semantic emphases of the concepts
of historical memory that are constructed by the libraries located on the
temporarily occupied territories of Donetsk and Lugansks regions in Ukraine as on the results, the author provides the ways of the transformation of the collective
memory and regional identity of the population on these territories. The methodology
of the study includes such methods as document analysis, critical discursive
analysis, descriptive, comparative, statistical and historical-genetic methods.
The usage of the historical-genetic method allowed to identify the changes in the
semantic connotations of the socio-cultural discourse provided by the leading libraries
on the temporarily uncontrolled territories of Donbass region.
As the result of the reserch the author provides the key characteristics of the
semantic load, peculiar to the set of ideas and representations through which the
libraries, as an actor of the socio-communicative process, participate in the formation
of the collective memory. The key ideas of the semantic concept of historical
memory emerged as a result of Russian intervention are revealed.
It is shown that along with ethnographic, the sociocultural discourse of these
libraries consists of Soviet, Russian, imperial, Orthodox and anti-Ukrainian elements.
The socio-cultural discourse of the ORDLO’s libraries, on the one hand,
highlights the importance of the Great Patriotic War and the Great Victory, manifests
the nostalgia for the Soviet past and the Great Russia (in the political and
in humanitarian aspects), orientation to Russian Orthodoxy and the native Russian
language. On the other hand, they promote the ideas of the state creation
(as Luhansk and Donetsk People’s Republics – LPR and DPR) and nurture the
idea of the Ukrainian-Donbas war. These meanings quite often overlap and mix,
defining the trends of transformations of historical memory and regional identity
towards visioning Donbass people as a part of the unified Russian nation, forgetting
the shared history with Ukraine and visions of the «Russian Motherland» as
the basis for the common future with the Russian Federation, and further ground
for conflicts with Ukraine after the possible reintegration of these territories.

Keywords: historical memory, regional identity, non-government-controlled
territories of Donbas, socio-cultural discourse of libraries.


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