Kyiv National Linguistic University
The article examines the political sympathies of the army command staff of
the Ukrainian People’s Republic under the Central Rada on the eve of the Hetman’s coup and shows the connection between the sentiments among the senior
officers and the inter-party struggle of the Ukrainian parties for the state leadership.
As a result there began a new stage in the intense inter-party struggle
after the liberation of Kyiv from the Bolshevik troops and the return to the capital,
where the leading parties that had initiated the establishment of the Central
Rada and subsequent state-building processes were involved.
In the March of 1918, the UPSR, USDRP and UPSF negotiated the idea of formation
of a governing coalition. It should be noted that the discussion had gone
far beyond the dispute over the distribution of ministerial portfolios. The UPSF
demanded the abandoning of the principle of the partisanship priority while the
appointment to a senior positions, and the USDRP began an internal discussion
on establishing the existing coalition. The new committee of the Council of People’s
Ministers lasted only for a month, when the ministers, members of the UPSF
party, announced their withdrawal from the governing coalition, and therefore
the government experienced a new crisis. The intransigence of the parties, the
unwillingness to compromise, and the attempt to insist on one’s opinion at any
cost affected all the aspects of state-building, including the process of creating
the UPR army. Ukrainian parties vied for the support of the senior officers, fought
with the political opponents.
The article concludes that excessive politicization was one of the factors
that hindered the creation of a combat-ready army of the Ukrainian People’s
Republic. The crisis in the OUN is the logical consequence of the politization
of law enforcement structures. The authors claim that the perils of such process
must be taken into consideration while establishing the modern approaches to
nation and state building. A well-organized administration, an independent
judiciary system, effective law enforcement, and a reliable army are the keys
to state stability.
Keywords: the Ukrainian Central Rada, the Ukrainian People’s Republic, the
Council of People’s Ministers, military development, command staff of the UPR
army, inter-party struggle.