D. Viedienieev, S. Seheda Provision of Secrecy in the Activities of Ukrainian Nationalist Underground Organizations in Western Ukraine (1945 — mid-1950’s)

DOI: 10.20535/2307-5244.51.2020.220184

National Academy of Culture and Arts Management

National Defence University of Ukraine named after Ivan Cherniakhovskiy

Based on the previously underresearched documents the article highlights
the principles and organizational mechanisms for ensuring of service secrecy among the partisan network of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists
(OUN) in the frame of the armed conflict with Soviets in Western Ukraine during
1945 — mid1950s. It is important to analyze a variety of the operative and
organizational-technical experience for providing secrecy in specific conditions
of the asymmetric conflict (between the irregular insurgent formations and the
state forces). The scientific novelty of the research lies in the authors generalization
and systematization of the forms and methods of ensuring informational
protection of confidentiality. The secrecy of negotiations between the key figures
of the OUN and the UPA must have been ensured in the situation of restructuring
of the strategy, the tactics, and the organizational model of activities of the
national-independent movement in the post-war period.
The purpose of the article is to describe the system of secrecy protection and
the internal security of underground OUN units as a decisive factor in ensuring
the survival and development of the underground organizations based on the documents
of the nationalist underground and the Soviet special services.
The use of structural-logical and system-functional methods of research allowed
to reconstruct the system of units and measures, which provided ensuring
of secrecy for the survival of the underground organizations.
The historical-comparative method helped us to analyze the evolution of the
organizational-tactical schemes of the partisan activities, which supported the
secrecy of the national independent movement under the conditions of the intense
hostile activities of the Soviet special services.
The authors proved that a number of forms of secrecy and confidentiality in
the OUN underground became widespread, such as the adoption of the opponents’
methods of spying, the education of the ordinary members of the organization,
and cultivating the importance of self-discipline, patience, and being consistent
with the directions of the commanding officers.

Keywords: protection of information, intelligence, counterintelligence, insurgent
underground movement, encryption, the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists.


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