Y. Tymoshenko, V. Parkhomenko, A. Horkova Sokil Activity in the Interwar Years of the 20th Cent. (Based on the Central State Archives of Public Associations of Ukraine)

DOI: 10.20535/2307-5244.49.2019.189548

National University of Physical Education and Sport of Ukraine

Mykolaiv V.O. Sukhomlynskyi National University

Monumentology Centre of NAS of Ukraine and USPHCM

In the last decades, the issues of the Sokil movement on the Ukrainian territory
have gained significant attention in scientific discourse. However, the scholars
focused mainly on the period preceding World War I. The interwar years did not
receive much interest. The work aims to expand the source base of the history of
the Ukrainian Sokil movement by introducing previously unpublished archival
materials. Methods rely on the historical analysis of archival sources, system and
comparative analysis. Examining letters from the participants of the Sokol societies
reveals the daily life of athletes in Halychyna, as well as other aspects of the
Sokil movement in the 1920s — 1930s. Sources show the consistent struggle of
Ukrainians for the legalization of the Sokil community, systematically suppressed
by the state at that time. The physical culture movement in the province had been
in the process of politicization. The article proves a great interest among the population
of Halychyna towards physical activity, which was impeded by the Polish
occupation regime in multiple ways. Meanwhile, the European Sokil movement
remained indifferent towards these harassments. This work highlights everyday
sports in ordinary people’s lives, their experiences, and concerns.
Keywords: sokilstvo, gymnastics, Halychyna, Ukrainian, zdvyh.


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