I. I. Behei, A. I. Kharuk, M. V. Romaniuk Ivan Krypiakevych Institute of Ukrainian Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

DOI: 10.20535/2307-5244.49.2019.189570

Lviv Institute of Interregional Academy of Personnel Management

Hetman Petro Sahaidachnyi National Army Academy

Ivan Krypiakevych Institute of Ukrainian Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Yulian Bachynskyi (1870–1940) is the Ukrainian public and political activist,
writer, member of the Ukrainian Radical Party (since 1899 — Ukrainian Social
Democratic Party), diplomat. Of particular interest among his creative legacy
are the journalistic works devoted to the Ukrainian-Russian relations of the
late 19th — early 21st centuries and Ukraine’s place in the geopolitical space
of Europe. Based on the analysis of published and unpublished works written
over forty years, epistolary legacy, and archival materials, the article assesses
the Yulian Bachynskyi’s views on Ukrainian-Russian relations, the specifics of their transformation into different periods of creative activity, and significance
for contemporary researchers of the problem. Ukrainian-Russian relations are
one of the cornerstones of the author’s research, who paid great attention to the
study of Ukrainian-Polish and Ukrainian-Jewish relations as well. Analyzing the
Ukrainian-Russian relations of the Russian imperialism period, the Ukrainian
national-liberation revolution, and the first decade of the Moscow-Soviet occupation
of Ukraine, Yulian Bachynskyi firstly used the methodology of economic
determinism and next – political, historical and legal ones. Most of this is seen
in the works «Ukraina irredenta» (1895), «Moia perepyska z Mykhailom Drahomanovym
» (1900), «Avtonomiia Ukrainy» (1906), «Bolshevytska revoliutsiia:
Ukraintsi, krytychni zamitky» (1928), «Na rozdorizhiu zakhidno-ukrainskoi intelihentsii
» (1933), «Tretia Nimechchyna» (1933) and others, where the author
professionally substantiated the inevitability of creating an independent Ukraine.
Keywords: Ukraine, Ukrainian state, Russia, Moscovia, USSR, Soviet Ukraine,
Germany, Yulian Bachynskyi, Mykhailo Drahomanov, Russian-Ukrainian relations,
revolution, «Ukraina irredenta».


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