V. V. Sokyrska, O. Chuchalin Ukrainian Industry of the 1920’s as Part of the All-Union Economy

DOI: 10.20535/2307-5244.48.2019.176384

Pavlo Tychyna Uman State Pedagogical University

The article analyzes the forms and methods of the Bolshevik centralization
policy in the field of industrial management and explores the subordination system
of the main branches of Ukrainian industry. It is proved that the centralization
of management led to the inevitable centralization of production, supply
and distribution.
As part of the USSR, Ukraine represented a diverse and wealthy economic
complex, which played a significant role in all branches of the All-Union economy.
Given the considerable reserves of local raw materials, almost all branches
of industry had a powerful base and were closely interconnected. The Kryvyi
Rig — Donetsk region was characterized by a well-developed socioeconomic
structure which was of interest to central authorities. It is found that the administrative
and territorial integration, as well as political and economic unification
of industrial infrastructure of Donbass and Prydniprovia took place due to the
system of All-Union Commissariats and Union trusts. The proletarianization of
the regions to some extent predetermined their Russification.
The trusts were reorganized from self-sustaining associations into the bodies
of technical management. The vast industry of Ukraine was transferred to the
All-Union Commissariats. After the object of industry came into the ownership
of the Union and the Ukrainian government lost the right to manage it, the very
concept of the integrity of the Ukrainian industry was violated. All the objections
of the Ukrainian government against such a situation were ignored. Industrialization
became a major economic priority, as well as a system unifier of signs of
independent industrial management.

Keywords: UkrSSR, USSR, industry, trusts, centralization, budget.


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