Sh. Ramazanov Causes of the Beginning of the Second World War

DOI: 10.20535/2307-5244.47.2019.158276

Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute

In the article, the author examined the main reasons that led to the beginning
of the Second World War. He emphasized that the most important reasons
for the start of the Second World War were the rivalry between the great powers,
their aspiration for expansion, European and the world hegemony, the rise of
dictatorial, military and totalitarian regimes in Europe and the world, as well as
profound differences within the League of Nations. Author insisted that among
the key reasons that led to the World War II were: the viability of the Versailles
system of international relations; territorial disputes in Europe after the First
World War; the continuation of the struggle for the return of the lost territories
and spheres of influence by certain states and the protection of other; fight for
the preservation of colonial possessions between the leading European countries.
The author paid special attention to the extent of responsibility of two international
treaties — the Munich Agreement and the Non-Aggression Treaty between
the USSR and Germany (the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact). The author analyzed the
implications of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact and the Munich Agreement for European
and World Security and concluded that the Soviet leaders did not judge
Hitler’s aggressive intentions correctly. Similarly England and France at the time
of signing the Munich Agreement considered the policy of its own guarantees
given to small countries of Eastern and Central Europe as a factor that would
have prevented German aggression, and believed in the subordination of Hitler
to the authority of the international community. All these circumstances, which
arose in the late 1930’s, opened the way for Hitler to resolve the Second World
War, which led to a world tragedy.

Keywords: Second World War, the Munich Agreement, Molotov-Ribbentrop
Pact, Versailles System, totalitarian regimes.


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