Sh. Ramazanov The Foreign Policy of the Soviet Union in the Interwar Period (1930s — Early 1940s)

DOI: 10.20535/2307-5244.44.2017.105460

National Technical University of Ukraine «Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute»

The article examines the foreign policy of the Soviet Union before World War II.
The author on the basis of current research examines the attempts of the Soviet
leadership to create the anti-Hitler coalition in Europe. But the policy of some European
countries after the signing of the Munich agreement dramatically altered
the intention of Soviet diplomacy. Analyzing the actions of the Soviet leadership,
the author explains the turn of Soviet diplomacy in the direction of cooperation
with Germany. Pro-German orientation of the Soviet Union is due to the cynical
attitude of Stalin and his associates to the international law, the desire to increase
their territory at the expense of neighboring states. The signing of the Non-Aggression
Treaty between the USSR and Germany in 1939 subsequently gave Stalin
the opportunity to attach a number of territories of neighboring countries: Poland,
Finland, Romania and others. The author notes that the pro-German orientation
in foreign policy of the Soviet Union was in part provoked distrust of Britain and
France. But the Soviet leadership on the eve of the Second World War did not seek
to cooperate with the European states. It is concluded that among modern historians,
there is no unambiguous assessment of the actions of both the Soviet Union
and European countries on the establishment of the anti-Hitler coalition. The main
reason lies in the fact that some historians have tried to justify the actions of Stalin’s
leadership that the alliance with Germany in 1939 was dictated by the objective
Keywords: foreign policy, international relations, the Munich Agreement, a pact of non-aggression.


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