І. Lebedev, І. Lebedeva The Impact of the Industrial Revolution on the Development of Tourism in 19th — the First Half of 20th Ct.

National Technical University of Ukraine «Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute»

Kyiv national linguistic University

The impact of the industrial revolution on such aspect of the society, as trips
is examined in the article. Based on factual material the authors conclude that
the origin of organized tourism as a separate field was possible with a combination
of several factors. The creation of the steam engine and the occurrence on
its base the new means of transport, the emergence of internal combustion engines,
expansion of the aviation and maritime passenger traffic capabilities, new construction
technology of ways made travelling fast and comfortable. Another factor
became the urbanization processes, which led to the mobility of society.

Keywords: industrial revolution, tourism, steam engine, transport.


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