A. Kurianovich Supreme Council as a Parliamentary Form in Belarus (1938–1996)

У статті представлено огляд етапів розвитку Верховної Ради Білорусі впродовж 1938–1996 рр., проаналізовано її еволюцію від парламенту радянського типу до класичного законодавчого і представницького органу.
Ключові слова: парламент; президент; представництво; вибори; партія; фракція.

In article the review of stages of development of the Supreme Council of Belarus for 1938 –1996 is given, its evolution from parliament of the Soviet type to a classical legislative and representative body is traced. Dynamics of Supreme Soviet, key stages of his forming and activity in Belarus traced clearly enough. On the first stage Supreme Soviet of Belarussian SSR can be described as parliament of soviet type, when his legislative and representative to the function existed formally. The second stage is related to Supreme Soviet of 12th convocation. Free elections gave an opportunity to form of democratic parliament, deputy factions adhering to different political positions appeared in that. Nevertheless, there were no factions in Supreme Soviet of 12th convocation. Supreme Soviet of 12th convocation can be described as transitional parliament. In addition, in connection with introduction of institute of presidency the problem of division of authorities was designated, relations between President and Supreme Soviet, painted by the personal liking and antipathies. The third period touches Supreme Soviet of Belarus of 13th convocation that was nearer to classic parliament by reason of party factions presence.
Keywords: parliament, president, representation, elections, party, fraction.


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