Ye. Pereguda, O. Pylypenko, A. Lykholat Research-Scientific Activity of Teaching Staff of the Universities of Dnipro Ukraine Before Period of Reforms 19th Cent.

DOI: 10.20535/2307-5244.53.2021.248446

Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture

National University of Food Technologies

National Technical University of Ukraine «Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute»

The process of origination and formation of the Ukrainian science in Kyiv
and Kharkiv universities is investigated in this article. The research activity of
professors and teaching staff of the higher educational institutions of the Upper
Dnipro Ukraine (Naddnipryanshchyna, over Dnipro land) in the early 19th century
is comprehensively examined. Grounding on the analysis of archival materials
and published documents it is proved that Ukrainian scientists of the first half of
the 19th century worked in difficult conditions of the decay and decomposition
of the feudal system of the Russian empire and retrograde policy of government.
The university faculty took part in the making and the further development
of chemical, physical, geological, palaeontological, anatomic, botanical, historical,
linguistic, legal and other natural sciences at that time within the universities.
Scientific schools were formed in order to prepare the skilled specialists
in the abovementioned areas of knowledge. In 19th century the Kharkiv and
Kyiv universities became the core centres of scientific thought of the Upper Dnipro
Ukraine. Economic development of this part of the Russian empire required
rapid quantitative and qualitative increase of skilled teachers and the growth of
number of students. After the adoption of the University Charters in 1804 and in
1835 these higher educational institutions had a sufficient level of faculty advisors
that provided powerful and swift development of different areas of the science.
The university faculty and the students were actively involved in conducting
scientific experiments in the laboratories, creation of various scientific societies,
maintaining the activity of scientific organizations, exchange of scientific and
technical information with other Russian universities, solving urgent economic
problems of the Russian empire.
Keywords: university, faculty advisors, humanitarian and technical sciences,
scientific societies, University charters, scientific research and developments,
Ukraine of Naddniprianschyna.

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