O. Stepanova Prisoners of War in the Sugar Industry of Chernihiv Province During the First World War

DOI: 10.20535/2307-5244.52.2021.236159

Nizhyn Gogol State University

The article is devoted to the analysis of problems of labor use of prisoners
of war in the sugar industry in the Chernihiv province in the period from the beginning
of the First World War to the October Coup. In our study, an author applied
a comparative analysis of the dynamics of the sugar industry in the prewar
and war periods. The author aims to evaluate the personnel supply of the sugar industry in the region during the First World War. The purpose of the article was
to characterize the order of distribution of prisoners between departments and
enterprises, as well as to analyze their legal status, social, and domestic situation
with the case study of the sugar industry in Chernihiv province.
For this purpose, we investigated the regional and statistical collections of
the early 1900’s. Using the method of mathematical calculation, we explored
the number of prisoners of war and the production capacities of sugar factories
in the region. To study the interaction of public authorities at different levels
and administrations of enterprises with prisoners of war, we applied the historical-
systematic method.
The author concluded that the presence of prisoners of war in the sugar industry
of Chernihiv province did not solve the personnel crisis caused by the
mobilization measures of the state. Maintenance of prisoners of war and security
measures costs have become additional destabilizing factors for the development
of the sugar industry in the region. The author paid special attention to
the analysis of the legislation of the Russian Empire, which regulated the legal
status and conditions of detention of prisoners of war. The author concluded the
necessity of appeal to the historical experience of overcoming the crisis phenomena
in the economy.

Keywords: prisoner of war, The First World War, sugar industry, Chernihiv
province, economic crisis.

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