А. Chutkyi Greeks in Kyiv Commercial Institute: Study of Student Period Biographies and Self-Organization Attempts

DOI: 10.20535/2307-5244.52.2021.236157

Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

In our study, we focused on the Kyiv Commercial Institute, founded in the early
1900’s. In Ukraine, it was the first higher education institution of economic profile
with no entry restrictions due to the ethnic, gender, and even confessional indication.
Also, it carried out a particular democratic policy regarding the students.
Exploration of this institution would allow making broader reconstructions
and generalizations about the society of Ukraine of that time, in particular. Serving
this purpose, researchers could address the Kyiv Commercial significant volume
of the Institute archival records. However, this archive remains unknown to
modern scholars.
In the article, we investigate the attempt of the establishment of the Hellenic
(Greek) community at Kyiv Commercial Institute, as well as the student life of
the representatives of the Greek community.
In the study, some archival records are introduced to the scientific circulation,
for instance, about students-Greeks of Kyiv Commercial Institute and the attempts
to establish their national organization in this institution. Also, they allowed us
to show different aspects of the public everyday life at that time.
The purpose was to analyze archival materials to reconstruct the components
of student life of the Greek community in the Kyiv Commercial Institute.
To conclude, the Hellenic (Greek) community was unable to function properly
due to the small number of students-Greeks at the commercial institute. However,
the draft of its statute and the very fact of attempts to create it showed a high
level of consolidation and national consciousness of Greek youth. At the same
time, they demonstrated an indifference towards the Russian Empire, which was
especially evident in their unwillingness to serve in the military and to fight for
this empire during the First World War. This characterized the majority of the
students at that time and was constantly increasing, which could be explained
by their poor financial situation and by the unwillingness of the authorities to
address their actual needs. To conclude, Greek students fit into the life of most studentship of that time.
Also, available research on the Greek diaspora shows that the vast majority of
them came from the Azov region and that the Church played a prominent role
for some of them.

Keywords: the history of Ukraine at early 20th century, Greek diaspora,
national minorities, personalities, student organizations.

52_09_Chutkyi.pdf

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