V. Z. Ukhach Ukrainian Liberation Movement as a Scientific Studies Direction in the Period of 1987–1997: Historiographical Discourse

DOI: 10.20535/2307-5244.51.2020.220186

Ternopil National Economic University

The aim of this research is to analyze the evolution of the Ukrainian liberation
movement as the area of scientific studies explored in the works of modern national
historians published in the first half of the 80s — mid-90s of the XX century.
The research methodology is based on the на principles of historicism, systematic
approach, scientific objectivity, based on the usage of general scientific
(analysis, synthesis, comparison, generalization) and special historical (historical-
genetic, chronological, comparative-historical, historical-typological) methods.
The scientific novelty of this research is caused by the fact that the analysis
which would have systematically covered the issue of the Ukrainian liberation
movement is absent in modern national historiography.
The authors identified the following trends in the highlighting of the activities
of the Ukrainian liberation movement. Firstly, during 1988 – 1991 in the Ukrainian
society drastic social changes took place, which resulted in the evolution of
values among the national historians regarding the complex question of the historical
past. Secondly, the policy of Glasnost which was initiated by Gorbachov
resulted in cultivated the desire of putting the forgotten questions of the OUN and
the UPA on the table. Thirdly, the publications of scientists were saturated with
the anticipation of the forthcoming of opening the secret archives. Additionally,
the general euphoric mode of the researchers’ writings alongside with naïve attitude
regarding the perspectives of the further studies of the OUN and the UPA
and the lack of critical analysis took place during the 80-90s. Fourth, the attempts
of the Ukrainian parliament in 1993–1996 to launch an effective exploration of
the activities of the OUN and UPA by initiating the establishment of governmental
and temporary commissions did not yield the expected results. The reasons
for this were the aggravation of the socio-economic crisis, the political confrontation
and preparations for the forthcoming of presidential and parliamentary
elections, and the lack of funding for the governmental research.

Keywords: Ukrainian liberation movement, restructuring, independence,
OUN, UPA, modern historiography.


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