O. Kozak Social History of Southern and Western Slavs (1991–2000) in Ukrainian Educational Literature

DOI: 10.20535/2307-5244.51.2020.220192

V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University

The slavic community played and still is playing a significant role in forming
European civilization and the geopolitical situation on the continent. The purpose of the study is to reveal the scientific and methodological foundations and
the basic tendencies in its coverage in the educational literature for Ukrainian
higher educational institutions devoted to the social history of the Western and
South Slavic communities of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) during the postsocialist
era (1991–2000s).
The research method of historiographical analysis was mainly applied to the
set of the given textbooks. The author strongly opines that the evolution and diversity
of societies and public relations hold the priority within the extreme diversity
of areas in the recent interpretation of the issues such as gender history, labor history,
history of memory, family history, urban studies, history of everyday life, etc.
The author concludes that the issues that the national and regional challenges
Slavic communities faced with were mostly neglected by the authors of the
textbooks. The evolution of Slavic states is depicted through the reproduction of
political processes, whereas some aspects of social life are still reflected in the
books for the higher educational institutions. For instance, such concerns as revolutions
of 1989–1991, the social toll caused by the rejection of the “socialist
choice”, the reflection of the general situation of instability and change, the state
of social consciousness, the problems of refugees, the reflection of the socio-psychological
aspects of ethnic-social conflicts and the elucidation of their roots, and
the human economic activity were highlighted in the textbooks. The reflection of
the history of Slavic communities is important to analyze when illustrating the
dramatic nature of the transitive era and the subsequent historical time in the
life of the Slavic communities of the region. The diversity of interpretations of
the social life is complex and reflects ambiguous views on the historical transformations
that national collectives of the European continent have undergone during
the contemporary era. Given this the scientific and methodological content
of educational editions are corrected continuously year after the year, therefore,
the dynanic transformation also constitutes a priority for further scientific study.

Keywords: historiography, textbooks, modern history, western and southern
Slavs, Central and Eastern Europe.

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