Kharkiv State Academy of Culture
The rapid development of the economy of the post-reform Russian Empire
caused the emergence of a new social phenomenon — the representation of economic
interests in the form of various kinds of business associations. There developed
numerous commercial and industrial organizations whose annual budget
could reach up to a million rubles. The position of agricultural capital was
much more modest. Nevertheless, a number of agricultural societies, for instance,
All-Russian congresses of representatives of exchange trade and agriculture and
the All-Russian Chamber of Agriculture constituted a separate structure of representation
of the interests of farmers.
Ukrainian lands have the potential of becoming a world-class agricultural
producer. Therefore the representation of the interests of agricultural business,
the effective interaction of government and farmers is the key to the economic
prosperity of our state. Taking into account the historical experience of agricultural enterprizes and other agricultural representative structures, the development
of a modern organized and legally defined agricultural lobby, the participation
of representatives of agricultural producers in government meetings and
interstate delegations is necessary. At the same time, a historical analysis of the
representation of agrarian interests in the Russian Empire of the post-reform period
provides a deeper understanding of the balance of social and political forces
in the second half of the XIX — early XX centuries.
The available base of sources makes it possible to explore the process of forming
the system of representation of the interests of agricultural capital, highlight
the levels of representation and show differences in the representation of commercial,
industrial and agricultural interests. In the research the system of methods
of scientific knowledge (systemic, structural and functional, comparative historical,
typological) was used.
The analysis of the scientific literature, periodicals and documentation shows
that in the second half of the XIX — early XX centuries there was a whole system
of representation of the interests of agrarian capital from the territorial to the
general imperial level. Despite the numerous deficiencies of the existing structure,
representatives of rural owners had well-established mechanisms for interaction
with the state apparatus, participated in the preparation of draft laws,
and significantly influenced the definition of the economic development strategy
of the Russian Empire.
Keywords: representative organization of entrepreneurs, Agricultural Council,
agricultural society, Congress of representatives of exchange trade and agriculture,
All-Russian Chamber of Agriculture.