Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
The Truman Doctrine, proclaimed on March 12, 1947, was immediately interpreted
by the Soviets as a hostile act against the Soviet Union. The Tuman
Doctrine has completely altered the relations between Washington and Moscow.
There is a sufficient number of studies and historiographical investigations devoted
to this change, which constitutes a set of data that allows to analyze them
in the context of the presented article. The subject of the study is the evaluation
and the interpretation of the Harry Truman Doctrine of 1947 given by historians
of the USSR. The main goal of the article is to analyze their works and to determine
the evolution of the views upon the doctrine. The newly-adopted foreign
policy has become an effective tool for the US influence on the building of the
post-war system and international relations.
The basic comparative-historical method allowed us to analyze the evolution
of the opinions and the views of Soviet scientists regarding the new US post-war
foreign policy. The purpose of the article is to highlight biased thoughts peculiar
to the Soviet period. The authors presume thar the works of the Soviet thinkers
on the history of the US foreign policy rest upon ideological foundations, which
make them predisposed against the US international post-war strategy.
The Soviet studies which were published during the Cold War characterized
the US policy in Greece and Turkey as “selfish”, “imperialist”, “anti-Soviet”.
This historiographic analysis suggests that Soviet science paid little attention
to the prerequisites and the reasons for the proclamation of the doctrine. Hence,
Soviet historical science mostly highlighted the ideological aspects of the complex
problems which involved also military, political, and economic aspects. The
main purpose of those publications was to condemn and harshly criticize the new
US foreign policy.
The author concludes that the position of the USSR regarding the new US
foreign strategy has also undergone a significant evolution of views: from condemnation,
deep mistrust, and annoyance to the rise of curiosity, rigorous evaluations,
and objective criticism.
Keywords: foreign policy, Cold War, the Truman Doctrine, USA, Greece,