State Institution «Institute of World History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine»
Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute
The article explores the principles and main directions of national-patriotic education of Plast in Australia. The main factors of its development and implementation, which include the threat of assimilation and denationalization of the young generation of Ukrainians in the diaspora and aging of the first generation of Ukrainian migrants, which gradually moved away from socio-political activities, have been identified. The discourse of the Ukrainian diaspora in the 1950s on the goals and objectives of national-patriotic youth education has been analyzed. It has proved that it emphasized on the education of the reserve of fighters for independence of Ukraine, which determined the orientation of the educational system for the future. It is concluded that the Plast of Australia focused activities on the physical and sports education of young people, which had to temper both body and spirit, as well as worthy citizens of the world and Ukraine. The cultural aspect of education, including participation in performances, dance and music groups, received little attention. It was revealed the peculiarity Plast educational system, in particular the consideration of the psychological features of different age groups of children and youth and organization of lessons in the form of play in nature environment. It was found that the main tool for the introduction of educational methods was camp. For its development, Plast in Australia had set up a number of camps, which territory also used for organizing the important cultural events of the Ukrainian community. It has been demonstrated that Ukrainians, who were members of Plast in their childhood and adolescence, had an active life position and took a decent place in Australian society, while maintaining their national identity.
Keywords: national-patriotic education, Ukrainian diaspora, Australia, Plast, Ukrainian youth.