F. Levitas, O. Salata, Yu. Ladnyi Ukrainian-Russian Relations in the Historical and Ethnopolitical Context of the National Revolution of 1917–1921

DOI: 10.20535/2307-5244.48.2019.176380

The national revolution of 1917–1921 is an important phenomenon in Ukrainian
history. These fateful events launched Ukrainian national revival and the
restoration of national statehood, previously destroyed by Russian autocracy in
the second half of the 18th centurу. For that matter, investigations of Ukrainian
Revolution 1917–1921 are popular now.
An overview of contemporary historical narratives shows that ethnopolitical
processes in Ukraine are the least investigated topics. This fact has been caused
by a number of circumstances. Schorarly estimations of the Ukrainian authorities’
policy towards national minorities and the attitude of the ethnic Ukrainian
population to the aspirations of the nascent Ukrainian state for a long time were
subjected to myths, schemes and personal prejudices.
Many contemporary Ukrainian historians continue to exploit the subject of historical
burdens in international relations and consider ethnic groups in Ukraine
as «foreigners» not belonging to the «titular nation», as if they were exclusively
outside of the Ukrainian historical narrative.
The tasks of our historical research is to highlight important historical and
ethnopolitical aspects and processes in interethnic relations that took place during
the Ukrainian national revolution in 1917–1921. The authors’ visions are based on the three main principles of historical science: scientific approach, historicism
and objectivity. The investigated problem is at the intersection of various social
sciences: history of Ukraine, political history of Ukraine, political science, the
history of state and law in Ukraine, ethnology, sociology, etc. This determined
the plurality of research methods, drawn from all these branches of science.
The statistical and sociological methods of research provide very important
scientific results. The content analysis allowed to track most common interpretations
of international problems that existed during the revolutionary era. At
the same time, it made possible to determine the degree of scientific validity for
those interpretations. According to the results, a behavioristic analysis played
an important role. It was largely ignored or pushed back by the researchers of
the ethnic processes of the Ukrainian Revolution. The historical comparative or
comparative method of research was used to determine not only the relations between
Ukrainian authorities and national minorities, but also to see a wide panorama
of events that formed ethnopolitics of the day, as well as the approach to
national problem in various state institutions and ethnic communities.
The outcome of the Ukrainian revolution has always been followed by a powerful
scientific discourse. According to many scholars, the revolution of 1917–
1920 is the starting point in Ukrainian modernity. In the difficult conditions of
the civil war and Russian aggression, the Ukrainian communists defended the
idea of Ukrainian statehood and made efforts for Ukrainization. The Ukrainian
revolution laid foundation for the modern Ukrainian nation and all further developments
in Ukrainian life.

Keywords: Ukrainian national revolution, national minorities, ethnopolitics,
Russian aggression against Ukraine.

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