Research Institute of Ukrainian Studies
The main purpose of the article was to discover a place of Ukrainian writer,
translator, and political activist — V. O’Connor-Vilinska in the literature process
of 20 century. Author has shown an attitude of the O’Connor-Vilinska towards the
representatives of the Ukrainian emigration in Europe due to her literature characters.
In addition, the author analyzed connections between V. O’Connor-Vilinska
and Ukrainian traditional and folk culture.
Therefore, during the USSR period this topic was unstudied, now — it is a matter
of necessity to discover and restore unjustly forgotten names of those whose
literature and public activity influenced not only the course of the Ukrainian literature
process but also preserved the Ukrainian national identity among the diaspora.
V. O’Connor-Vilinska was a head of the literary-publishing department of the
Ministry of Education of the UPR. In addition, she collaborated with the various
magazines like «Women’s Fate» (Kolomyia), «The World of Child» (Lviv), «Pchilka
» (Uzhgorod), «Trident» (Paris), «New Ukraine» (Prague).
V. O’Connor-Vilinska was not only an author but also she was working as an
editor and a publisher. In 1913, she became a member of the editorial board of
the monthly magazine «Syayvo», which was published in Kyiv in 1913–1914. Articles,
reports, notes about the development of the Ukrainian theater, music, art
were published there.
Main topics of the early period of V. O’Connor-Vilinska’s literature were social
problems and issues of being, faith, justice, and love. Through the heroes of
the poems, the author tried to convey to the reader the importance of spiritual growth,
the search for himself and his purpose in life.
Literature of V. O’Connor-Vilinska developed a new direction in self-identification
among the Ukrainian diaspora due to the reconstruction of places of memory
in the texts. Majority of Ukrainian intellectuals rejected the new Bolsheviks
paradigm and modernization of socio-economic life in Ukraine due to their close
connection to “traditional Ukrainian village”. Therefore, the new topic of preserving
the pre-capitalist lifestyle has become the central point in the art of those
who have opposed the «vanguard of history».
Keywords: V. O’Connor-Vilinska, society, politics, emigration, Czechoslovakia,
organization, national consciousness, identity.