A. Lykholat Human Resources and Scientific Potential of the Academy of Science of Ukraine in the 1980s

DOI: 10.20535/2307-5244.46.2018.136745

Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute

The article considers scientific capability and human resources policy of the
Academy of Sciences of Ukraine in the 1980s on the example of the institutes of
physical, mathematical and natural sciences.
It should be emphasized that achievements in the academic staff training facilitated
the renewal of scientific potential. Special attention was paid to encourage
scientific directions that would accelerate scientific and technological
progress. The requirements for the activity of special academic councils and training
of postgraduate and doctoral students were strengthened. New competence
requirements for the academic staff of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR were
introduced.
It is specially noted that the intention of the remuneration system was to create
the prerequisites for the professional advancement of academic staff. Scientific
personnel salary depended on individual contribution to scientific and technological
progress.
The paper provides a valuable information on a reorientation of academic staff
in the 1980s. At the beginning of 1980s academic community understood of the
need for reforming academic institutions of natural sciences and humanities. In
the 1970s and especially in the 1980s the development of engineering and fundamental
sciences was accelerated. The author comes to the conclusion that priority
development of technical sciences in Ukraine has been allowed to reach the
world level of scientific and technological progress. This process was ensured primarily
by an activity of special academic councils for the defence of the candidate
and doctoral dissertations.

Keywords: Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, postgraduate studies, academic
council, doctorate, candidate for a degree, institute, human resources, scientific
capability.

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