Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute
The article reveals circumstances and manifestations of «Mariupol revival»
which took place under Nazi Occupation. The author identified grounds for Ukrainian
national and cultural revival in the Russian-speaking town, highlighted the
role of local nationally-oriented intellectuals and members of ОUN combat groups,
characterized leaders’ involvement in revival of Ukrainian movement. The
«Prosvita» society played an important role in a public cultural life. The attitude
of Nazi authorities to this institution is described by different stages of occupation. Practicing the art of drama became important direction of activity for local
intelligentsia within a national and cultural revival context. Theatres renewed the
work in years of occupation, there were numerous theatrical troops, choirs, ensembles,
orchestras, opera, music studios etc. An example of cultural and national
life of Mariupol in 1941–1943 served a model for the occupied Donbas. The
reasons of short existence and insignificant results of the «Mariupol revival» are
discussed. The author emphasizes that military administration was not interested
in Ukrainian national and cultural revival. Rather, it was interested in the «cultural
» leisure for Wehrmacht office clerks and «serenity» on the occupied territories.
It explains, why the German officials treated the local intelligentsia at the
beginning of occupation relatively mildly.
Keywords: occupation, occupation authority, military administration, OUN, combat groups, «Prosvita», national and cultural life, intelligentsia, occupation press, theatrical life.