P. Satskyi The Distribution of Functions in the Drafting of South-Ukrainian and North-Crimean Channels Between Organizations of the Ukrainian SSR and USSR and Integration of Crimea with Ukraine

DOI: 10.20535/2307-5244.44.2017.105463

National Economics University named after Vadym Hetman

On the 20th of September 1950, the Central Committee of the Communist Party
of the Soviet Union and the Council of Ministers of USSR adopted the resolution
titled «On the Building of the Kakhovka Hydroelectric Station, the Southern-
Ukrainian and Northern-Crimea Channels and the Irrigation of the Southern Regions
of Ukraine and the Northern Regions of Crimea». This project had gained
the status of the «Great construction projects of Communism» and its main goal
was to supply the prerequisites for the agricultural development of the Southern
regions of the Ukrainian SSR and the Northern regions of the Crimean peninsula
as a single economic complex. Just after the resolution had been accepted, the
question of how to distribute functions in terms of the designing of channels and
the irrigation systems between Ukrainian and the Union project organizations has
appeared.
The designing of the path of the Southern-Ukrainian and Northern-Crimea channels
was done by the «Ukrhiprovodbavovna» institute of the Ministry of Cotton
of USSR. The main goal of the construction of the irrigation system in the Southern regions of Ukrainian SSR and the Northern regions of the Crimea to develop
the cotton industry in these regions. Therefore, the Ministry of the Cotton of
USSR was responsible for the managment, and the project organizations sent their
reports to it. The «Ukrhiprovodbavovna» institute designed three variants of the
Southern-Ukrainian channel path. Moreover, 50 organizations from Ukraine were
involved in the projecting of the channel and the building of the irrigation system
in the Ukrainian SSR. Some were also designed the residential and social objects
in the channel path area. In fact, the Ukrainian project organizations, the
scientific and educational institutions were supplying the «great construction projects
of Communism» with the projects. The Central Committee of the Communist
Party of the Soviet Union and the Council of Ministers of USSR identified a potential
for the mobilization of the intellectual and engineering resources for the
large-scale projects not only in Ukrainian SSR, but also in the Crimea, which belonged
to the Soviet Union at the time of designing and the channel building.
For the first time the involvement of Ukrainian project organizations in the
integration of the Crimea with Ukraine at the beginning of 1950s was analyzed
on the basis of the archival data made by the author.
In the process of the projecting and construction of the Southern-Ukrainian
and Northern-Crimea channels, Ukrainian scientific and project organizations made
many achievements, which resulted in a unification of the Southern regions of
Ukrainian SSR and the Northern regions of the Crimea.
Keywords: «Hiprovodbavovna», Kakhovka reservoir, Chatarlyk river, Konska river.

44_12_Satskyi

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