National Technical University of Ukraine «Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute»
The article identifies the place and role of the Kingdom of Romania in the Bolsheviks’
aggressive policy in the early 1920s; it shows that there was a state border
between the Ukrainian SSR and the Kingdom of Romania while there was no
political agreement or official relations between the two states; the article has analyzed
the role of the Soviet Ukraine in the attempt to establish the Soviet power
in Romania; special attention is paid to the fact that it was Kh. Rakovskyi, Chairman
of the Ukrainian Government, who monitored the situation in Romania. The
article has disclosed the circumstances that facilitated the export of the Bolshevik
revolution to this country. Specifically, the Bolsheviks tried to make use of the
conflicts between the Ukrainian population of Bessarabiya and Bukovina, and the
Romanian authorities to instill revolutionary ideas in society. It has been discovered
that the export of the revolution to Romania was organized by the Odessa
division of the Foreign department of the Communist Party, headed by A. Grinshtein.
The said division conducted reconnaissance/ subversive activities in the
territory of Romania. An explosion in the Building of Senate on December 8, 1920
is considered to have been the most heinous act of terrorism organized by this division.
The article also identifies the reasons behind reorganization of «Zakordot
» and subsequent liquidation of the special service; the Odessa division continued
to conduct undermining and reconnaissance/subversive activities in Romania
as the «Secret department of VUCHK».
Keywords: the Kingdom of Romania, Soviet authorities, «Zakordot», the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Bolsheviks of Ukraine, VUCHK, secret service, export of the revolution, act of terrorism, bomb.