State Institution «Institute of the World History of Academy of Science of Ukraine»
The paper presents a new approach to the research of individual, collective
and historical memory — through the prism of environmental disasters. Although
they lead not only to physical but also to mental trauma in modern scientific discourse
this aspect has not become a subject of special studies. In the example of
Chernobyl disaster traumatic experience of 50 residents of Kiev, who received indirect
effects of the accident, is analyzed. It is shown the formation a stable distrust
of the authorities of the USSR, which is transferred to the present and entails
a negative assessment of the environmental policy of independent Ukraine.
Factors, which cause such situation and its relationship with the views of respondents
on their future, are established. The conclusion of the feasibility of using the
questionnaire method for determining the main trends traumatic impact of environmental
disasters on individual memory is done. Directions for further in-depth
research in this area are proposed.
Keywords: individual memory, trauma, environmental disaster, the accident at
Chernobyl nuclear plant.