O. S. Bilyavska Students Life in the Kyiv Polytechnic Institute in the First Years of Its Existence (Late 19th — Early 20th Ct.)

National Technical University of Ukraine «Kyiv Polytechnic Institute»

The article analyzes the various pages of the life of students of Kyiv Polytechnic
Institute in the first years of its existence — educational, scientific, casual and
students participated in the revolutionary-democratic movement of Kyiv late 19th—
early 20th centuries.
Study of student life Kyiv Polytechnic Institute late 19th and early 20th centuries
is a separate page in the history of this institution. In conditions of autocracy,
strict control of the Government, of the Ministry of Finance, which was subject
to institute systematic interference in its activities of the Kyiv authorities and
police, students themselves organized and find different ways to influence the improvement
of educational and methodical process, improve their daily lives.
Analysis of historical sources provides an answer to the causes of the growth
of public and revolutionary activity of a large number of students of Kyiv Polytechnic
Institute that time.
General political crisis of the Russian Empire, autocratic way, national and
social oppression, lack of political rights and freedoms have caused strong protests
from students. One of the main requirements of students was the recognition of
the autonomy of higher education institutions, police interference in their activities.
Unfair considered sexual, national and class limit admission to the KPI.
Object of study was chosen by the author as Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, its work in the late 19th and early 20th century, as the oldest and reputable higher engineering
school at that time.
Experience of Kyiv Polytechnic Institute is of great importance for the modern
transformation of higher education in Ukraine.

Keywords: educational department of the Ministry of Finance, the imperial institute,
national and class limit admission to the KPI, the student strike, course and
subject training system, the Committee of the poor students.

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